Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to as Tottenham or Spurs, is an English professional football club based in Tottenham, London, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. The team has played its home matches in the 62,850-capacity Tottenham Hotspur Stadium since April 2019, replacing their former home of White Hart Lane, which had been demolished to make way for the new stadium on the same site.
|Full name||Tottenham Hotspur Football Club|
|Founded||5 September 1882; 139 years ago, as Hotspur F.C.|
|Ground||Tottenham Hotspur Stadium|
|Owner||ENIC International Ltd. (85.55%)|
|Head coach||Antonio Conte|
Originally named Hotspur Football Club, the club was formed on 5 September 1882 by a group of schoolboys led by Bobby Buckle. They were members of the Hotspur Cricket Club and the football club was formed to play sports during the winter months. A year later the boys sought help with the club from John Ripsher, the Bible class teacher at All Hallows Church, who became the first president of the club and its treasurer. Ripsher helped and supported the boys through the club’s formative years, reorganized and found premises for the club.
Premier League football (1992–present)
Tottenham was one of the five clubs that pushed for the founding of the Premier League, created with the approval of The Football Association, replacing the Football League First Division as the highest division of English football.
Despite a succession of managers and players such as Teddy Sheringham, Jürgen Klinsmann and David Ginola, for a long period in the Premier League until the late 2000s, Spurs finished mid-table most seasons with few trophies won. They won the League Cup in 1999 under George Graham, and again in 2008 under Juande Ramos. Performance improved under Harry Redknapp with players such as Gareth Bale and Luka Modrić, and the club finished in the top five in the early 2010s.
In February 2001, Sugar sold his shareholding in Spurs to ENIC Sports plc, run by Joe Lewis and Daniel Levy, and stepped down as chairman. Lewis and Levy would eventually own 85% of the club, with Levy responsible for the running of the club. They appointed Mauricio Pochettino as head coach, who was in the role between 2014 and 2019. Under Pochettino, Spurs finished second in the 2016–17 season, their highest league finish since the 1962–63 season, and advanced to the UEFA Champions League final in 2019, the club’s first UEFA Champions League final, ultimately losing the final to eventual champions Liverpool 2–0.
Pochettino was subsequently sacked after a poor start to the 2019–20 season, in November 2019, and was replaced by José Mourinho. Mourinho’s tenure, however, lasted only 17 months; he was sacked in April 2021 to be replaced by interim head coach Ryan Mason for the remainder of the 2020–21 season. Nuno Espírito Santo was appointed the new manager for 2021–22 season on 30 June 2021 but was sacked after just 4 months in charge, and replaced by Antonio Conte.
In 2007, Tottenham bought a site at Bulls Cross in Enfield, a few miles south of their former ground in Cheshunt. A new training ground was constructed at the site for £45 million, which opened in 2012. The 77-acre site has 15 grass pitches and one-and-a-half artificial pitches, as well as a covered artificial pitch in the main building. The main building on Hotspur Way also has hydrotherapy and swimming pools, gyms, medical facilities, dining and rest areas for players as well as classrooms for academy and schoolboy players. A 45-bedroom players lodge with catering, treatment, rest and rehabilitation facilities was later added at Myddleton Farm next to the training site in 2018. The lodge is mainly used by Tottenham’s first team and Academy players, but it has also been used by national football teams – the first visitors to use the facilities at the site were the Brazilian team in preparation for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Since the 1921 FA Cup Final the Tottenham Hotspur crest has featured a cockerel. Harry Hotspur, after whom the club is named, was said to have been given the nickname Hotspur as he dug in his spurs to make his horse go faster as he charged in battles, and spurs are also associated with fighting cocks.
In 2006, in order to rebrand and modernize the club’s image, the club badge and coat of arms were replaced by a professionally designed logo/emblem. This revamp displayed a sleeker and more elegant cockerel standing on an old-time football. The club claimed that they dropped their club name and would be using the rebranded logo only on playing kits. In November 2013, Tottenham forced non-league club Fleet Spurs to change their badge because its new design was “too similar” to the Tottenham crest.
Tottenham Hotspur F.C. became a limited company, the Tottenham Hotspur Football and Athletic Company Ltd, on 2 March 1898 so as to raise funds for the club and limit the personal liability of its members. 8,000 shares were issued at £1 each, although only 1,558 shares were taken up in the first year.
Between 2001 and 2011 shares in Tottenham Hotspur F.C. were listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM index). Following an announcement at the 2011 AGM, in January 2012 Tottenham Hotspur confirmed that the club had delisted its shares from the stock market, taking it into private ownership.
The club through its Community Programme has, since 2006, been working with Haringey Council and the Metropolitan Housing Trust and the local community on developing sports facilities and social programmes which have also been financially supported by Barclays Spaces for Sport and the Football Foundation. The Tottenham Hotspur Foundation received high-level political support from the prime minister when it was launched at 10 Downing Street in February 2007.
Major Honours of Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
- First Division/ Premier League (Level 1)
- Winners (2):1950–51, 1960–61(D)
- Second Division/ Championship (Level 2)
- Winners (2):1919–20, 1949–50
- FA Cup:
- Winners (8):1900–01, 1920–21, 1960–61(D), 1961–62, 1966–67, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1990–91
- League Cup / EFL Cup:
- Winners (4):1970–71, 1972–73, 1998–99, 2007–08
- FA Charity Shield / FA Community Shield:
- Winners (7):1921, 1951, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1981, 1991
- UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup:
- Winners (1):1962–63
- UEFA Cup / Europa League:
- Winners (2):1971–72, 1983–84
Player of the Year Since 2010
- 2010–11 Luka Modrić
- 2011–12 Scott Parker
- 2012–13 Gareth Bale
- 2013–14 Christian Eriksen
- 2014–15 Harry Kane
- 2015–16 Toby Alderweireld
- 2016–17 Christian Eriksen
- 2017–18 Jan Vertonghen
- 2018–19 Son Heung-min
- 2019–20 Son Heung-min
- 2020–21 Harry Kane
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